Steel has played a vital role throughout the history of humankind. It was the material for Iron Age tools, Middle Age arms and the machines that drove the Industrial Revolution, playing a key role in the development of the world.
But most importantly is that looking to the future, the role of steel remains a decisive factor.
With a population that by 2050 will be concentrated to 70% in cities and large towns, the steel will be among the key materials to build these megacities, buildings and their transportation infrastructure. The construction demand nearly 50% of the steel produced in Latin America.
Steel is also a key material for plant construction and for non-conventional renewable energy transportation, such as solar energy, wind turbines and pipes for drinking water service and gas.
New steel for new needs
Steelmakers around the world and also in Latin America, continue to improve their processes and creating new steel qualities for solving new requirements.
Several of the Alacero´s member companies have research and development centers that in an integrated manner with research entities and academia develop local innovation in production processes, sustainability, quality, product and thereafter have been replicated in and outside the continent.
Cooperation cars more "green"
The modern car is made by 50%-60% steel. Over the years, the steel and automobile industries have cooperated to make stronger, safer and more corrosion resistant cars. The modern high-strength steels reduce CO2 emissions from a typical car in 2.2 tons through its life cycle. And the industry is working to further improve this brand.
Already in the 90s, the program called "Ultralight Steel Auto Body” showed that it was possible to reduce the weight of a car with bodies which reached and exceeded the standards for impact resistance performance at a potentially lower cost.
A similar program for electric vehicles, FutureSteelVehicle (FSV), whose results were released in 2011, showed that it is possible to achieve reductions in greenhouse gas emissions of up to 70% compared to current cars. This achievement is due to use 97% of High-Strength Steels (HSS) and Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS).